Frequent question: What was the social impact of the partition of India?

What was the impact of partition on Indian society?

In August 1947, British India won its independence from the British and split into two new states that would rule themselves. This forced millions of people to leave their homes to move to the other state. This was the largest forced migration of people that has ever happened, which wasn’t because of war or famine.

What were the social impact of the partition of Punjab?

The partition socially impacted lives of citizens in a negative way as a result of the horrific incidents that took place during the migration. Most of the riots happened in the northern districts of Punjab. A commonly known name for these riots is “The Rape of Rawalpindi” (Meera).

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What were the socio economic impact of the partition of India?

The immediate effect of the partition was the emergence of shortages both in India and Pakistan. While there was food shortage in India, there was consumer goods shortage in Pakistan. There was paucity of mineral resources in Pakistan but a deficiency of agricultural raw-materials in India.

How did the partition affect the lives of people?

Nearly 15 million people of both Hindu and Muslim communities were displaced and became refugees. More than a million lost their lives. Two to five lakh people, both Muslim and Hindu religions were killed. They became refugees, lived in relief camps, and moved out on trains to find new homes.

What was the impact of partition on Indian economy 12?

Partition of country : Partition of the country in 1947 adversely affected India’s agricultural production. The rich food production areas of west Punjab and Sindh went to Pakistan. It created scarcity of food in India. The jute production area went to East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).

Why was the partition of India important?

More than 70 years ago today, the Indian subcontinent was divided by its British colonial rulers into two nation-states – India and Pakistan. The Partition sparked three wars, paved the way for the creation of Bangladesh, and transformed Kashmir into one of the world’s most militarised zones.

What was one of the immediate effects caused by the partition of India?

Partition triggered riots, mass casualties, and a colossal wave of migration. Millions of people moved to what they hoped would be safer territory, with Muslims heading towards Pakistan, and Hindus and Sikhs in the direction of India.

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What are the causes of partition of India Class 12?

Why partition took place –

  • Mr. …
  • The British policy of divide and rule.
  • Separate electorates for Muslims, created by the colonial government in 1909 and expanded in 1919, crucially shaped the nature of communal politics.
  • Hindu Muslim conflict and communal riots in different parts of the country.

What was the impact of riots during partition in Delhi?

The partition riots that erupted in Delhi following independence in 1947 resulted in the massacre of thousands of Muslims and the departure of roughly 300,000, leaving the remaining Muslim community seriously depleted, both numerically and politically.

What was the impact of the partition of India and Pakistan?

Crown rule in India. The two self-governing independent Dominions of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 15 August 1947. The partition displaced between 10 and 20 million people along religious lines, creating overwhelming refugee crises in the newly constituted dominions.

What was the impact of partition on Indian agriculture?

India’s agricultural production received a setback due to the country’s partition at the time of independence. A sizeable portion of the undivided country’s highly irrigated and fertile land went to Pakistan, which impacted inversely upon agricultural production.

What factors led to the partition of India?

Factors Responsible for the Partition of India in 1947:

  • (1) Britisher’s Policy of Divide and Rule- To check the tide of nationalism in India, the Britishers tried to divide the country. …
  • (2) Muslim League’s Obstinacy- The Muslim League preached that the Muslims and Hindus are two separate nations.
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How did the partition affect social and economic life in Delhi?

The Partition of India in 1947 led to a massive transfer of populations on both sides of the new border. As a result, the population of Delhi swelled, the kinds of jobs people did changed, and the culture of the city became different. … Thousands of people in Delhi were killed and their homes looted and burned.

What was the effect of the Partition of India in 1947 on Delhi?


One effect of Partition was to increase the concentration of these business communities in the capital. This, rather than the scars of the Partition, boosted the fortunes of Hindu nationalist parties in Delhi, wrote Christophe Jaffrelot in ‘Delhi: Urban Space and Human Destinies’.

What happened after Partition of India?

In August 1947, British India won its independence from the British and split into two new states that would rule themselves. The new countries were India and Pakistan. … East Pakistan later split from Pakistan and became Bangladesh in 1971.