In 1911, it was announced that the capital of British-held territories in India was to be transferred from Calcutta to Delhi. The name “New Delhi” was given in 1927, and the new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931.
When did Delhi became New Delhi?
In December 1911 King George V of Britain decreed that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi. Construction began in 1912 at a site about 3 miles (5 km) south of the Delhi city centre, and the new capital was formally dedicated in 1931.
Is New Delhi the same as Delhi?
Delhi, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a Union Territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India. New Delhi is an urban district located in the city of Delhi. New Delhi serves as the capital of India and the seat of all three branches of the Government of India.
Why was Delhi changed to New Delhi?
After the Mughals conquered the Delhi Sultanate, it became one of their main capitals, along with Agra and Lahore. The British originally ruled India from Calcutta, but moved the capital to the newly built district of New Delhi in 1911 because of the city’s symbolic value in India.
How old is Delhi?
The legendary ancient city of Indraprastha is believed to have been established 5000 years ago, as per the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata.
Is Delhi a state or union territory 2021?
Delhi or the National Capital Territory of Delhi is a city and a union territory in India which consists of the national capital, New Delhi. Much like the states of India, Delhi is administered by its own legislature, high court and council of ministers.
What was New Delhi called before?
The history of the city is as old as the epic Mahabharata. The town was known as Indraprastha, where Pandavas used to live. In due course eight more cities came alive adjacent to Indraprastha: Lal Kot, Siri, Dinpanah, Quila Rai Pithora, Ferozabad, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad and Shahjahanabad.
What is India’s largest city?
Using the same yardstick, Delhi is now India’s largest “city.” Delhi, one of the world’s oldest cities, became India’s capital in 1912 when the British moved the seat of government there from what was then Calcutta. Today, the area has become one of India’s most vibrant and fast-growing metros.
Why is Delhi called Delhi?
According to legend, the city was named for Raja Dhilu, a king who reigned in the region in the 1st century bce. The names by which the city has been known—including Delhi, Dehli, Dilli, and Dhilli, among others—likely are corruptions of his name.
What is the difference between Old Delhi and New Delhi?
Old Delhi is the most historic part of the metropolis, with its origins dating back to the time of the Moghuls. In contrast, New Delhi was designed by the British during colonial times, with much of the architectural work being down to Edwin Lutyens in the 1920s and 1930s.
Was Delhi always the capital of India?
In the year 1911, Delhi replaced Kolkata as the capital of India and in the year 1931, on this day, February 13, New Delhi was inaugurated as the capital by Lord Irwin after the construction of the city completed in 1931.
Which state New Delhi belongs to?
Straddling the Yamuna river, but primarily its western or right bank, Delhi shares borders with the state of Uttar Pradesh in the east and with the state of Haryana in the remaining directions. The NCT covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres (573 sq mi).
When did Calcutta became the capital of India?
Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital.
Where was New Delhi built?
It is located in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, on the Yamuna River. New Delhi was built between 1912 and 1929 on a site adjacent to Delhi (or Old Delhi), which had been chosen to replace Calcutta (now Kolkata) as the capital of India in 1911; New Delhi was inaugurated as the new capital in 1931.
Which is the first capital of India?
During the British Raj, until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of India. By the latter half of the 19th century, Shimla had become the summer capital. King George V proclaimed the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi at the climax of the 1911 Imperial Durbar on 12 December 1911.