On this day in 1835, Lord Macaulay successfully westernised education in India; English was made the official language for the government and courts, and was adopted as the official medium of instruction.
Who introduced English education in India 1834?
Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-1859) lived in India just for four years, from 1834 to 1838. Yet he left unerasable footprints on Indian soil. During his time in India, he decided to introduce English into the education of Indians by deploying government resources in schools and colleges.
Who started English education in India 1853?
Answer: Thomas Babington Macaulay was the one who started English education in India. English education Act was passed in 1835.
Who introduced English medium education in India?
His ideas discredited Indian culture, language and literature even as its assumptions of moral superiority authorised and justified the presence of the British in India. The current system of education, was introduced and funded by the British in the 19th century, following recommendations by Thomas Babington Macaulay.
Who introduced the English education policy in India and when?
William Bentinck, the then governor general of India, came up with a one-line approval of this minute in the parliament and got the English Education Act 1835 passed. It came into effect in 1859.
Who passed the English Education Act of 1835?
The English Education Act 1835 was a legislative Act of the Council of India, gave effect to a decision in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company, to reallocate funds it was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India.
When did English education started in India?
I In India Thomas Babington Macaulay is fully credited with the official introduction of English education, though the necessary order on the subject was issued by Bentinck, the Governor-General of India, on 7 March 1835 after going through a long rhetorical minute written by the former on 2 February 1835 at the …
What was the main aim of English Education Act of 1835?
To make English a medium of instruction in higher educational institutions. To no longer promote oriental institutions such as the Calcutta Madrasa and Benaras Sanskrit College. To introduce English text books in schools.
Why did Britishers introduced English education in India?
British wanted to introduce modern western education to serve their economic interests as English education would convince Indians about the superiority of British goods which were machine made, it would make Indians recognize the advantages of trade and commerce.
Who introduced education in India?
The modern school system was brought to India, including the English language, originally by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay in the 1830s. The curriculum was confined to “modern” subjects such as science and mathematics, and subjects like metaphysics and philosophy were considered unnecessary.
How did English and English studies introduced in India?
The English language was introduced to India in the 17th century when English businessmen came to the country as traders. Even after the British rule was over in the middle of the 20th century, English remained in use in India. … Together with Hindi, English is used as the official language of the Indian government.
Who introduced English language?
Having emerged from the dialects and vocabulary of Germanic peoples—Angles, Saxons, and Jutes—who settled in Britain in the 5th century CE, English today is a constantly changing language that has been influenced by a plethora of different cultures and languages, such as Latin, French, Dutch, and Afrikaans.
Who started first English school in India?
St. John’s was first served as an orphanage for British soldier’s children but later established itself as a school. It has a long history that is rich in Anglo-Indian tradition dating back to three centuries.
3St. Johns Vestry Anglo Indian School, Tiruchirappalli (1763)
Why was the education Act of 1835 considered a turning point for Indian education system?
The Education Act made English the medium of instruction for higher education and stopped the promotion of Oriental institutions like the Calcutta Madrasa and Benaras Sanskrit College. These institutions were seen as “temples of darkness that were falling of themselves into decay”.
Which led to the introduction of English education in India?
Complete answer: The English Education Act 1835 was the Council of India’s statutory act, which gave effect to a decision by Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company, in 1835, to reallocate funds that the British Parliament needed to spend on education and literature in India.
Why was the English Education Act introduced and in which year?
The education Act was introduced in the year 1835. Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company, decided in 1835 to reallocate funds needed by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India, and the Act of the Council of India gave effect to his decision.