The Industrial Revolution in England created a serious impact on Indian economy as it reversed the character and composition of India’s foreign trade. This led to destruction of Indian handicrafts although there was no substantial growth of modern factory industry.
How did the British affect the Indian industries?
They forced the commercialisation of agriculture with the growing of various cash crops and the raw materials for the industries in the Britain. With the strong political control, the British were able to monopolise the trade with India. They defeated their foreign rivals in trade so that there could be no competition.
How did the British affect the Indian industries Class 8 English?
The British East India Company decided that the good that was manufactured in England should not have any import duty when it was being brought to India. Thus, this destroyed the Indian industries. This ruined the artisans and lead to the famine which happened between 1822 and 1836.
What effect did British rule have on the Indian economy?
British economic exploitation, the decay of indigenous industries, the failure of modern industries to replace them, high taxation, the drain of wealth to Britain and a backward agrarian structure leading to the stagnation of agriculture and the exploitation of the poor peasants by the zamindars, landlords, princes, …
How did industrialization in Britain impact the Indian economy?
1. The Industrial Devolution enabled England to produce more goods than needed there. So the Indian markets were flooded by the machines made goods from England. As a result of this, India which was at one time an exporting country was reduced to a big consumer of the English goods.
How did the British disrupt the traditional industry?
Indian goods made with primitive techniques could not compete with goods produced on a mass scale by powerful steam-operated machines. The development of railways enabled British manufactures to reach and uproot the traditional industries in the remotest villages of the country.
How did the British threaten the farmers Class 8?
How did the British threaten the farmers ? Ans. The British threatened the Indian farmers that they would be put into jail if they don’t pay the arrears.
What did the British impose on the Indian farmers Class 8?
Answer: The British officers imposed heavy taxes on Indian farmers. They made British goods free of import duty. They also cut the thumbs of Indian artisans.
What happened to Indian industries on the East India Company’s loot Class 8?
Answer : To earn quick profits, the British imposed heavy taxes, thereby forcing the Indian farmers to abandon their fields. They decided to do away with import duty for goods manufactured in England. … The British prospered on the Company’s loot, while the Indian industries began to die.
What was the negative impact of British rule in India?
The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it …
What was the impact of British rule on Indian agriculture?
The major reason of commercialization of agriculture was that India was now reduced to the supplier of raw materials and food grains to Britain and importer of British manufactured goods. This era saw the introduction and proliferation of many crops as cash crops such as Indigo, cotton, jute, tea, tobacco.
What were two positive effects of British rule in India?
Positive Impact: Some positive impact of the British rule in India were the introduction of the railways, post and telegraph system for masses, introduction of Western sceinces and the English language. However, it is to be noted that the British intorduced railways for its own benifits.
How was Indian industry affected by the industrial revolution?
Indian farmers were forced to produce cotton plantation so that it can fuel English factories as India was then under British rule. 4. Industrial Revolution brought severe consequences to society. Farmers were forced to grow cash crops in place of food crops, which resulted in awfully deadly famines in India.
How did industrial revolution in England affect the Indian handicraft industry?
After the Industrial Revolution, Britain started producing machine-made goods and textiles that were much cheaper than the Indian goods. They were also often better in quality. Indian handicrafts slowly died because they could not compete against the cheaper products from Britain that were flooding the Indian markets.
What were the effects of British imperialism on India?
British imperialism in India had impacted the nation adversely. First of all, India’s wealth was drained to a great extent during this period. British rule in India hit the Indian economy so hard that it was never able to recover. Religious conflicts and gaps expanded.