What is the basis of reservation in India?

Reservation in India is provided to Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Other Backward Classes (OBCs) at the rate of 15%, 7.5% and 27%, respectively, in case of direct recruitment on all India basis by open competition.

On what basis reservation is given in India?

Reservation is primarily given to all 3 groups: Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes abbreviated as SC, ST, OBC respectively. Originally reservation was only given to SCs and STs but was later extended to OBCs in 1987 after the implementation of the Mandal Commission report.

What is the concept of reservation?

1 : an act of setting something aside for future use. 2 : an arrangement to have something (as seating in a restaurant) held for someone’s use. 3 : something (as land) set aside for a special use a wildlife reservation. 4 : an area of land set aside for tribes of indigenous people to live and govern.

What is the basis of reservation for scheduled tribe?

2.2 There shall be a reservation of 16.66 per cent for the members of the Scheduled Castes, 7.5 per cent for the members of the Scheduled Tribes and 25.84 per cent for the members of the Other Backward Classes in the matter of appointment by direct recruitment to civil posts and civil services on all India basis …

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How reservation is calculated?

The percentage of reservation is: 15% (SC), 7.5% (ST), 27% (OBC) and 10% for economically weaker sections or “EWS”. These figures are divided by 100, and then multiples are worked out until one of these categories gets a complete number, upon which it obtains a reserved seat.

What is the Article 340?

(1) The President may by order appoint a Commission consisting of such persons as he thinks fit to investigate the conditions of socially and educationally backward classes within the territory of India and the difficulties under which they labour and to make recommendations as to the steps that should be taken by the …

What are the 3 types of reservation?

Types of Reservation

  • Guaranteed reservation.
  • Non –guaranteed reservation.

Why is reservation given to SC ST?

SC/ST Reservation

The objective of providing reservations to the Scheduled Castes(SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) in services is not only to give jobs to some persons belonging to these communities. It basically aims at empowering them and ensuring their participation in the decision-making process of the State.

What is the percentage of reservation in Tamilnadu?

Present Reservation Scheme Details

Main Category as per Government of Tamil Nadu Sub Category as per Government of Tamil Nadu Reservation Percentage for each Main Category as per Government of Tamil Nadu
Scheduled Castes Scheduled Castes (others) 18%
only for (Arunthathiyar)
Scheduled Tribes 1%
Total Reservation Percentage 69%

Who introduced caste system in India?

According to the social historical theory, the origin of caste system finds its origin in the arrival of Aryans in India. The Aryans arrived in India in around 1500 BC.

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What is the Article 330?

Article 330 of the Indian Constitution provides for the reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People.

On which basis is the scheduled caste decided?

Untouchability has been the basis on which our caste system segregated untouchables from others as they were seen as polluted objects in the society. Hence, untouchability is the basis on which scheduled castes are decided.

Can SC ST candidates take general seats?

The Supreme Court has said the general category vacancies in public employment is open to allincluding aspirants belonging to reserved categories like other backward classes (OBCs) and Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs).

Can SC become general?

There is no need to change caste. In applications you tick column under General. You can discard all sc st benefits and be under General. Your General status requires no proof.

Can I change my caste from general to SC?

In Indian system every person into a particular caste. There is no way that you can your caste in your life. Meaning thereby that you cannot change your caste. Even if you change your caste most importantly your religion will remain the same.

Can SC get general seat?

NEW DELHI : The Supreme Court has said the general category vacancies in public employment is open to all including aspirants belonging to reserved categories like other backward classes (OBCs) and Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs).