The British Raj (/rɑːdʒ/; from Hindi rāj: kingdom, realm, state, or empire.) was the rule of the British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947. The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India.
What did the British call India during imperialism?
the mutiny, in 1858 the British government took direct command of India. The part of India that was under direct British rule was called the Raj. The term Raj referred to British rule over India from 1757 until 1947.
How was India viewed by the British?
The British view tended to portray British rule as a charitable exercise – they suffered India’s environment (eg climate, diseases) in order to bring to India good government and economic development (eg railways, irrigation, medicine). Modern admirers of British rule also note these benefits.
What did Britain call its colonies?
These colonies were formally known as British America and the British West Indies before the Thirteen Colonies declared their independence in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) and formed the United States of America.
What is meant by the term Raj in terms of Indian history?
Definition of raj
1 : rule especially, often capitalized : the former British rule of the Indian subcontinent. 2 : the period of British rule in India.
Why was India called the jewel in the crown?
Why was the British India called the jewel of crown of the Great Britain? Answer: India was the jewel in the British Empire because at that time India was rich in spices, silk, indigo, gold etc.
Why did UK leave India?
Due to the Naval Mutiny, Britain decided to leave India in a hurry because they were afraid that if the mutiny spread to the army and police, there would be large scale killing of Britishers all over India. Hence Britain decided to transfer power at the earliest.
Who called Anglo Indian?
Anglo-Indian, in India, a citizen of mixed Indian and, through the paternal line, European ancestry. From roughly the 18th to the early 20th century, the term referred specifically to British people working in India. The meaning of the term Anglo-Indian has to some degree been in a state of flux throughout its history.
Who Ruled India first?
The Mauryan Empire was the first pan-Indian empire. It covered most of the Indian region and was founded around 321 B.C.E.
What was US called before 1776?
9, 1776. On Sept. 9, 1776, the Continental Congress formally changed the name of their new nation to the “United States of…
What did the British call the American Revolution?
The Brit’s call it simply “The American Revolution” or the “America War of Independence”.
When did Britain colonize India?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
When did Britain leave India?
In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
What would happen if British still ruled India?
If India was still being ruled by the Britishers, there would have surely been much better infrastructure but it was possible that most of the Indians would have either died in the wars of other countries or would have continued to be slaves of the Britishers living in India.
What is a Sepoy in history?
noun. (formerly, in India) a native soldier, usually an infantryman, in the service of Europeans, especially of the British.