Who started the first census in India?

The first complete census of an Indian city was conducted in 1830 by Henry Walter in Dacca. In this Census the statistics of Population with sex and broad age group and also the houses with their amenities were collected. Second Census was conducted in 1836-37 by Fort St.

Who is father of Indian census?

Therefore, Henry Walter is known as the ather of Indian Census. This was followed by a second census that was conducted in 1836-37 and was overseen by Fort St. George.

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When was the first census in India?

This effort culminating in 1872 has been popularly labeled as the first population census of India However, the first synchronous census in India was held in 1881. Since then, censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten year.

Who is responsible for census in India?

The responsibility of conducting the decennial Census rests with the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India under Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

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Which country started census first?

As the countries pioneering in census taking gradually worked out better systems of enumeration, however, these could be transferred to new countries without repeating all the trials and errors. Canada’s first dominion-wide census was taken in 1871, India’s in 1871–72, and Egypt’s in 1897.

Who coined the term census?

It is said to have been instituted by the Roman king Servius Tullius in the 6th century BC, at which time the number of arms-bearing citizens was supposedly counted at around 80,000.

When was the first census taken?

The first census in the United States took place beginning on August 2, 1790. Although it took months to collect all the data from households, census takers were instructed to collect information as of August 2.

How did the census start?

August 2, 1790: the first Census Day, when brave enumerators went out on horseback to find, question and catalogue the population of the United States. … The census reflected the values of the United States in 1790: “Slaves were counted as three-fifths of a person. Indians weren’t counted until 1870,” Glass writes.

What is the history of census?

The word “census” is Latin in origin, so in a linguistic sense, the first censuses were taken by the Romans, who were certainly doing this by around the middle of the first millennium B.C. But few if any of those counts would meet today’s definition, which is essentially to count everyone in a given place at a given …

Who was the governor general started the first census in India?

While it has been undertaken every 10 years, beginning in 1872 under British Viceroy Lord Mayo, the first complete census was taken in 1881. Post 1949, it has been conducted by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

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Which method is adopted for census in India?


The Census of India is conducted once in a decade, following an extended de facto canvasser method. Under this approach, data is collected from every individual by visiting the household and canvassing the questionnaire all over the country, over a period of three weeks.

When was the last census in India?

The last decennial population Census of India was during 9th–28th February 2001 with a revisional round during 1st-5th March, 2001.