Chili peppers spread to Asia through its introduction by Portuguese traders, who – aware of its trade value and resemblance to the spiciness of black pepper – promoted its commerce in the Asian spice trade routes. It was introduced in India by the Portuguese towards the end of the 15th century.
Are chilies native to India?
Yes chillies are not native to India. Chillies are believed to be first cultivated in Mexico around 3500 BC. When Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1493 he also discovered the spicy taste of chilly and brought it to the rest of the world.
When did India get chilli?
Chilli Arrives in India
Chilli was supposedly brought to India through the Portuguese explorer Vasco Da Gama, who had forged a route from Brazil to Africa and India. The Portuguese took over Goa in 1510 and this small region on the west coast of India became a port for the trade in spices between India and Europe.
What did India use before chillies?
cumin, coriander, black pepper, nutmeg, garlic, shallots, ginger, turmeric, star anise, cinnamon, cardamom, daun salam leaves etc were/are all present in India. Some or all of these could have travelled or have been present in India before chilli.
Did the Portuguese introduced chillies to India?
After the Portuguese arrival in India, chillies were first introduced to Goa, from where they spread to South India. When the army of the Maratha king Shivaji moved north to challenge the Mughal Empire during the 17th century, the chilli was also introduced to north India.
Where did chili come from?
The modern dish we know as chili, also known as chili con carne (chili with meat), does appear to have roots in the American West, particularly the State of Texas. An old legend holds that immigrants from the Canary Islands brought a recipe for chili with them when they settled San Antonio in the early 1700s.
Why did chilies spread quickly?
Chilies spread so quickly in part because they are easy to grow in a wide range of climates and conditions, and therefore cheap and always available. “It was something spicy that now anybody could afford,” says Bosland. “It was probably the very first plant that was globalized.”
How did tomatoes get to India?
India. The tomato arrived in India by the way of Portuguese explorers, in the 16th century. It was grown from the 18th century onwards for the British.
Who brought chillies to India?
Chillies, also known as mirch in India, were believed to be brought to Asia by Portuguese navigators during the 16th Century. These came to India with Vasco-Da-Gama and became very popular. Chillies are not only used in Indian food, but also in Ayurveda.
Who introduced spices to India?
The control of trade routes and the spice-producing regions were the main reasons that Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sailed to India in 1499. When da Gama discovered the pepper market in India, he was able to secure peppers for a much cheaper price than the ones demanded by Venice.
Who invented Chili Peppers?
Christopher Columbus was the first European to discover chilli peppers on his voyage to the Americas. He found them on Hispaniola, one of the largest Caribbean islands which is now divided into two countries, Haiti and the Dominican Republic.